Carmarthenshire is justly renowned for its magnificent coast, quiet estuaries, steep wooded valleys and rugged uplands. Throughout the agricultural land and around the urban areas runs a network of wildlife habitats - hedgerows, woods, wet meadows and watercourses - all rich in species, which greatly influences the character of the landscape and its natural beauty. The biodiversity of the county contributes to the quality of life of the people who live and work in Carmarthenshire, and is a significant element in the local tourism and recreation industries. The sea and seabed around the Carmarthenshire coast are also rich in species, some of which are of considerable economic importance.
The Carmarthenshire Local Biodiversity Action Plan has been produced by a partnership of organisations concerned with the conservation of the county's wildlife. The LBAP contains a series of action plans covering the nationally threatened or declining species and habitats in the county, as well as species and habitats of local concern. It includes for example, action plans for lowland meadows, upland oak woods, red squirrel and water vole. Each action plan includes actions aimed at conserving and enhancing that particular habitat or species within the county. If these actions are to succeed, they will require a number of individuals and organisations to work together in partnership - including land owners, government agencies, wildlife conservation groups, local authorities and industry. Carmarthenshire Biodiversity Partnership Report 2017 (pdf)
Carmarthenshire is a stronghold for the marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) occuring in a wide area of traditionally-managed purple moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) pastures in south-east Carmarthenshire.
16. Merthyr Tydfil
18. Blaenau Gwent